Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 52-55

Baller-Gerold syndrome: Further evidence for association with prenatal exposure to valproate


1 Department of Paediatric Neurology, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, India
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, India

Correspondence Address:
Mary Iype
TC 4/2559 (1), Pattom Kawdiar Road, Kawdiar PO, Trivandrum - 695 003
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.40228

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Baller Gerold Syndrome (BGS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is apparent at birth. The disorder is characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial area and bones of the forearms and hands. We are reporting a new case of BGS in a 10-month-old female child born of an epileptic mother who was on sodium valproate during the initial months of pregnancy. The baby was born with premature closure of the metopic suture, unilateral radial aplasia with limb malformation and other congenital anomalies that conformed with the description of BGS. The parents and other family members were unaffected, karyotyping was normal and there was no history of consanguinity. Fetal valproate exposure has been previously reported as the cause of this fetal malformation syndrome, which is generally inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. The peculiar pregnancy history and the supporting literature on the effects of valproic acid on the fetus exposed in utero to it with numerous case reports in the literature referring to BGS as a result of fetal exposure to valproate made us conclude that this is indeed a case of BGS secondary to valproate-induced teratogenesis.


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