Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 202-203

Decompression syndrome (Caisson disease) in an Indian diver


Department of General Medicine, Yashodhan Hospital, Miraj, India

Correspondence Address:
Uday A Phatak
Yashodhan Hospital, Extension area, Station Road, Miraj-416410, Sangli
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.70868

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Acute decompression syndrome (Caisson's disease) is an acute neurological emergency in divers. It is caused due to release of nitrogen gas bubbles that impinge the blood vessels of the spinal cord and brain and result in severe neurodeficit. There are very few case reports in Indian literature. There are multiple factors in the pathogenesis of Acute decompression syndrome (Caisson's disease) such as health problems in divers (respiratory problems or congenital heart diseases like atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus etc), speed of ascent from the depth and habits like smoking that render divers susceptible for such neurological emergency. Usually, immediate diagnosis of such a condition with MRI is not possible in hospitals in the Coastal border. Even though, MRI is performed, it has very low specificity and sensitivity. Facilities like hyperbaric oxygen treatment are virtually non-existent in these hospitals. Therefore, proper education of the divers and appropriate preventive measures in professional or recreational divers is recommended.


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