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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 211-212

Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome caused by varicella-zoster virus


1 Department of Neurology, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., India
2 Department of Medicine, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., India

Correspondence Address:
Rakesh Shukla
Professor, Department of Neurology, CSM Medical University, Lucknow-226003
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.70876

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Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare condition that has been reported from all parts of the world. It is well recognized as a paraneoplastic syndrome in children with neuroblastoma and in adults with small-cell carcinoma of lung and some other cancers. It may also occur in association with various central nervous system infections. We report a case of OMS in a patient with varicella zoster virus infection. IgM antibody for varicella-zoster virus was detected in the serum and the cerebrospinal fluid. The patient improved after treatment with clonazepam and was asymptomatic at 1-month follow-up.


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