Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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REVIEW: SYSTEMATIC (SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF A SUBJECT)
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-18

Meniere's disease: Still a mystery disease with difficult differential diagnosis


1 National Institute for the Deaf, Athens, Greece
2 Lister Hospital, East & North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Stevenage, United Kingdom
3 Atticon University Hospital, Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
P V Vlastarakos
33 Wetherby Close, Stevenage, Hertfordshire - SG1 5RX
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.78043

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One hundred and forty-six years after its first description, the differential diagnosis of Meniere's disease remains very challenging. The aim of the present study is to review the current knowledge on the advantages and disadvantages of the new diagnostic methods for Meniere's disease. The importance of accurate diagnosis for primary healthcare systems is also discussed. An extensive search of the literature was performed in Medline and other available database sources. Information from electronic links and related books were also included. Controlled clinical studies, prospective cohort studies, retrospective cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, case reports, written guidelines, systematic reviews, and books were selected. The typical clinical triad of symptoms from the vestibular and cochlear systems (recurrent vertigo, fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus) is usually the key for clinical diagnosis. Glycerol dehydration test and electrocochleography are the main diagnostic tests in current practice, while vestibular evoked myogenic potentials may be used in disease staging. Imagine techniques are not specific enough to set alone the diagnosis of Meniere's disease, although they may be necessary to exclude other pathologies. Recently developed 3D MRI protocols can delineate the perilymphatic/endolymphatic spaces of the inner ear and aid diagnosis. Meniere's disease is a continuous problem for the patients and affects their quality of life. Taking into account the frequent nature of the disease in certain countries, efforts for reliable diagnosis, prompt referral, and successful management are undoubtedly cost-effective for healthcare systems.


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