|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 211-213
Hip dysplasia associated with a hereditary sensorimotor polyneuropathy mimics a myopathic process
Mohammad Javad Hadianfard1, Alireza Ashraf2
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Burn Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
|Date of Submission||04-Apr-2011|
|Date of Decision||16-May-2011|
|Date of Acceptance||28-Jun-2011|
|Date of Web Publication||14-Aug-2012|
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Faghihi Hospital, Zand Avenue, Shiraz, Fars
| Abstract|| |
Some orthopedic complications have been reported in the hereditary neuropathies. However, the association of the hip dysplasia with this category of neuropathy is rarely recognized. We present a 13-year-old boy with the progressive weakness of the lower extremities, difficulty in walking, climbing stairs, and rising from floor; a wide-based, hyper-extended and waddling gait similar to a myopathic process. Hip radiography showed dysplastic acetabulae with hip subluxation, broken Shenton's lines, and valgus femoral necks. In electrodiagnosis, there was a significant neuropathic process (absent all evoked sensory potentials, abnormal evoked motor responses, and neurogenic electeromyography) which eventually was found to be a hereditary mixed axonal and demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy with concomitant hip dysplasia confirmed with thorough physical examination and the electrodiagnostic study. In patients with gait difficulties such as waddling gait mimicking a myopathic process, hereditary polyneuropathy complicated with hip dysplasia should be considered as well.
Keywords: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy, hip dysplasia
|How to cite this article:|
Hadianfard MJ, Ashraf A. Hip dysplasia associated with a hereditary sensorimotor polyneuropathy mimics a myopathic process. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2012;15:211-3
|How to cite this URL:|
Hadianfard MJ, Ashraf A. Hip dysplasia associated with a hereditary sensorimotor polyneuropathy mimics a myopathic process. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2013 May 23];15:211-3. Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2012/15/3/211/99722
| Introduction|| |
Hereditary neuropathies account for approximately half of the undiagnosed peripheral neuropathies referred to major medical centers. The most common hereditary neuropathy falls into the category of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease More Details. Some orthopedic complications have been reported in hereditary neuropathies such as scoliosis, pes cavus, and recurrent dislocation of the patella. However, the association of the hip dysplasia with hereditary neuropathies has been rarely recognized. ,,,,
Here, we present a boy with the waddling gait, difficulty in climbing stairs, and rising from floor. He was initially referred with the suspicion of a myopathic process but was eventually diagnosed as a hereditary mixed axonal and demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy complicated with hip dysplasia.
| Case Report|| |
A 13-year-old boy was referred to an electrodiagnostic clinic for the evaluation of a probable myopathic process. He presented with the progressive weakness of the lower extremities which was initiated 8 years prior to our examination. He had difficulty in walking, climbing stairs, and rising from floor. His family history had no significant finding.
With a physical examination, he exhibited a wide based, hyper-extended and waddling gait. He was also unable to jump or perform heel walking, hopping, and toe walking. The Trendelenburg and Gower signs were positive. Additionally, atrophy of the pelvic girdle muscles, limitation of motion of hip joints (especially in extension and abduction), achilles tendon shortening, and slight flexion contracture of hip joints were present. Manual muscle testing was normal except for the bilateral pelvic girdle muscles, bilateral ankle dorsiflexors, and big toe extensors that were 2/5 (the patient has the partial range of motion in the gravity eliminated position). Impaired vibration and light touch were found in the sensory exam.
Routine laboratory tests such as complete blood count, liver function test, fasting blood sugar, urinalysis, and creatine phosphokinase were within normal limits. Only, lactate dehydrogenase was slightly elevated. The result of biopsy from quadriceps muscle was not significant and showed mild random atrophy of fibers. An ATPase reaction revealed affection of both type I and type II fibers. The periodic acid-Schiff stain did not show any significant change in stainable glycogen. Brain CT-Scan was also normal.
In our electrodiagnostic study, all evoked sensory potentials were absent. A motor nerves evaluation showed absent-evoked potentials of all routine distal lower limb muscles. Other evoked motor responses had significant increased distal latencies, decreased amplitudes, and decreased nerve conduction velocities with no sign of temporal dispersion or conduction block. All F-waves (F from foot) and H-reflexes (Hoffmann-reflexes) were absent. In the needle electromyography, there were polyphasic motor unit action potentials with high amplitude and long duration especially in the distal muscles [Table 1].
The above findings suggested the impression of a hereditary mixed axonal and demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy (such as X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease). Additionally, a requested plain pelvic radiography showed bilateral hip dysplasia [Figure 1].
|Figure 1: The pelvic radiograph showed dysplastic acetabulae with hip subluxation, broken Shenton's lines and valgus femoral necks|
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| Discussion|| |
The association of hip dysplasia with the hereditary sensorimotor polyneuropathy was initially described by Kumar et al.  Later, investigators have found that hip dysplasia has a prevalence of about 10% in this category of neuropathy. ,,
The reason of this association is unclear. However, muscle weakness around the hip joint has been suggested as a cause. It usually presents in the second or third decade of life and is initially asymptomatic but may later present with pain and gait abnormalities. ,
Interestingly, our patient had the signs and symptoms resembling a myopathic process and was referred for its confirmation with an electrodiagnostic study. However, these problems were eventually found to be related to a hereditary mixed axonal and demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy with complicated hip dysplasia.
Therefore, this presentation reveals that the neuropathy may not always be an exclusively distal process as is often supposed. 
Therefore, in patients with gait difficulties such as wadding gait and Trendelenburg lurch, besides a myopathic process hereditary polyneuropathy complicated with hip dysplasia should be considered as well. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid serious morbidity associated with the condition.
| Acknowledgments|| |
We would like to thank Dr. N. Shokrpour for her contribution to the preparation of the manuscript.
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