Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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REVIEW: PROGRESS IN MEDICINE (UPDATE ON ADVANCES IN PATHOPHYSIOLOGY)
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 239-246

Hippocampus in health and disease: An overview


Department of Neurology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, PGIMER- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprasth University, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Dhikav
E Block, Pocket III, sector-18, Flat 280, Paradise Apartment, Rohini New, 110089, India, Rohini
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.104323

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Hippocampus is a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. It has a major role in learning and memory. It is a plastic and vulnerable structure that gets damaged by a variety of stimuli. Studies have shown that it also gets affected in a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. In last decade or so, lot has been learnt about conditions that affect hippocampus and produce changes ranging from molecules to morphology. Progresses in radiological delineation, electrophysiology, and histochemical characterization have made it possible to study this archicerebral structure in greater detail. Present paper attempts to give an overview of hippocampus, both in health and diseases.


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