Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 320-322

Intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of drug rash eosinophilia and systemic symptoms caused by phenytoin


Department of Neurology, Ibn Sina Hospital, P.O Box 25427, Safat, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Ponnusamy Santhamoorthy
Department of Neurology, Ibn Sina Hospital, P.O Box 25427, Safat - 13115
Kuwait
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.104348

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A 32 year old Asian female on 300 mg per day of phenytoin following meningioma excision developed a fever with a diffuse maculopapular rash, lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly after12 days. A diagnosis of DRESS (Drug Rash Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) syndrome was made. Patient was started on prednisolone at a dose of 1 mg/kg but since there was further deterioration in her condition, intravenous immunoglobulin was started. Clinical and blood parameters began to improve by the next day with liver functions returning to normal by the third week. DRESS syndrome is a drug hypersensitivity syndrome which can be fatal and therefore needs to be recognized early for the appropriate treatment to be started. The use of Intravenous immunoglobulins is anecdotal and the dramatic improvement noted in this case indicates that it is another treatment choice. The case and a brief review of the literature are discussed.


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