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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 409-415

Magnitude of peripheral neuropathy in cirrhosis of liver patients from central rural India


1 Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyoti Jain
Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences Sewagram, Wardha - 442 102, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.144012

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Context: Cirrhosis of liver is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and if associated with peripheral neuropathy (PN) it also poses a huge financial, psychological burden for the patients and their families. Aim: The aim of the present study was to study the magnitude of PN among subjects with cirrhosis of liver presenting to tertiary care teaching hospital in central rural India. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was performed in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: In all patients of cirrhosis of liver irrespective of etiology, aged 15 and above, undergone clinical assessment for peripheral nervous systems damage and confirmed by nerve conduction studies. Statistical Analysis Used: We used chi square test to study associations. P value ≤0.05 was considered as significant. Crude odds ratios were computed to assess the strength of association between independent variables and dependent variables along with their 95% confidence intervals. Results: We included 207 of cirrhosis of liver patients admitted in medicine department from November 2010 through November 2013. Nearly 83% patients were male and 63.2% patients were under the age of 45 years. Common features in these patients were ascites (71%) splenomegaly (63.3%) pedal edema (61.4%) icterus (46.4%) tingling (44.9%) gastrointestinal bleeding(39.1%), ataxia (26.6%),numbness(26.6%),distal motor weakness (21.7%) and paresthesia(20.8%).Among the manifestation of peripheral nerve involvement, loss of ankle reflex was the most common feature in 51.7%, followed by loss of temperature sense 29.5%, loss of vibration sense 20.8%, loss of touch 16.4%, loss of position sense 14.5% and loss of pain in 6.3% of the patients. Peripheral neuropathy was found in 53.6% [95% CI: 46.58- 60.56] study subjects on electrophysiological study. Conclusions: Analysis of electrophysiological study shows that the PN is very common in study subjects with cirrhosis of liver, especially in male subjects, during the middle age group.


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