Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 275-279

Utility of various ultrafast magnetic resonance sequences in the detection of fetal intracranial hemorrhage


1 Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Sonography, Mediscan Systems, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajeswaran Rangasami
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_431_17

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Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the images obtained from standard ultrafast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences with gradient (GRE) sequence images in identifying fetal intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Materials and Methods: MR images of fetal brains with ICH done between October 2012 and September 2015 were reviewed. The images obtained from four ultrafast MR sequences– Turbo Fast Low Angle Shot (Turbo FLASH) T1-weighted images, Half Fourier Acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo (HASTE) T2-weighted images, b0 images of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and b800 images of DWI were compared with images obtained from GRE sequence in depicting fetal ICH. Results: Out of the 212 fetuses during the study period, 15 fetuses had ICH. In the 15 fetuses with ICH as detected on GRE, Grade1 germinal matrix hemorrhage was seen in 5 fetuses, Grade 2 in 4 fetuses, Grade 3 in 3 fetuses, and Grade 4 in two fetuses. Subdural hemorrhage was seen in 1 fetus. In comparison to GRE sequence, b0 of DWI sequence was almost equal in the depiction of ICH. T2 HASTE sequence also delineated hemorrhage, although not as effectively as GRE and b0 images of images DWI. T1 Turbo FLASH and b800 images of DWI were less reliable in the depiction of fetal ICH but were useful in predicting the stage of hemorrhage. Conclusion: As compared to GRE sequence, b0 images of DWI followed by HASTE are the two preferred ultrafast sequences in the diagnosis of fetal ICH.


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