Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-36

Risk factors of recurrence of febrile seizures in children in a tertiary care hospital in Kanpur: A one year follow up study


1 Department of Neurology, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanu Midha
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Kannauj - 209 732, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_472_17

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Background: Febrile seizures are commonly seen in children and about one-third of the children develop a recurrence of febrile seizures. Objectives: The main objective is to study the risk factors associated with recurrence of febrile seizures in Indian children. Methods: This prospective, longitudinal study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur. All children, 6 months to 5 years of age, attending the department from February 2015 to January 2016 presenting with first febrile seizures were included in the study and followed up for recurrence. Results: Of 528 children, 174 (32.9%) had recurrence and 354 (67.1%) had a single episode of febrile seizures. Recurrence was more in children <18 months (41.3%) as compared to children ≥18 months (24.1%). Children with temperature 101°F during the seizure had a recurrence rate of 52.5% while recurrence was seen in only 17.2% in children with temperature ≥105°F. There was a significant declining trend of recurrence with increase in temperature. Recurrence was significantly more common in children with a family history of febrile seizures (45.5%) as compared to those without family history (27.8%). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that younger age at onset of first seizure, lower temperature during the seizure, brief duration between the onset of fever and the initial seizure, and family history of febrile seizures were risk factors significantly associated with recurrence of febrile seizures in children. Conclusion: Younger age at first seizure, short duration of fever before the onset of first febrile seizure, lower temperature at onset, and family history of febrile seizures are risk factors of recurrence of febrile seizures in children.


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