Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 316-319

Mineralizing angiopathy of lenticulostriate arteries with infantile basal ganglia infarct following minor head trauma: A case series


Department of Neurology, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K P Vinayan
Department of Neurology, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_444_18

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Acute arterial ischemic stroke after minor head trauma has been reported in the past, mostly in infants. Most of these affected children had basal ganglia infarct on imaging. Investigations for other etiologies of stroke were noncontributory in most of the cases. Thin-slice computed tomography scan may show mineralizing angiopathy of lenticulostriate arteries. We report a clinical series of four infants who presented with the classical features of this distinct clinico-radiological entity. Clinical characteristics and risk factors at the time of stroke were described in detail. The long-term outcome on standard antiplatelet therapy is reported. None of the children had stroke recurrence during follow-up. The current literature on this clinico-radiological syndrome is reviewed in detail. In the typical cases, extensive etiological workup may not be warranted.


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