Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Urinary symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy: Urodynamic findings and management of bladder dysfunction


1 Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hosmat Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Anupam Gupta,
Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences, Bengaluru - 560 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_6_18

Objective: The objective of this study is to observe urinary symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and advice bladder dysfunction management based on urodynamic study (UDS) findings. Patients and Methods: Twenty-two patients (12 males) with PD and PSP (15 and 7, respectively) with urinary symptoms were included in this study. All patients except one were on levodopa and carbidopa medication. UDS was performed, and bladder management determined. Results: Mean age was 60.4 years (range 41–73 years, standard deviation [SD] 8.4). Mean illness duration was 31.9 months (range 9–146 months, SD 31.0) and mean duration of urinary symptoms was 14.8 months (range 1–61 months, SD 15.8). Eighteen patients reported nocturia and 16 patients had urgency with or without urge incontinence. Three patients had retention and straining to void and 3 had mixed urinary complaints. Twelve out of 22 patients had absence of voluntary anal contraction on per-rectal examination. UDS was suggestive of 12 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity with or without sphincter dyssynergy. Six patients had normal detrusor pressure, and four patients were found to have contractile detrusor. Ten patients had significant postvoid residual. Bladder management included pharmacotherapy, supportive, and behavioral management as appropriate. Conclusions: Patients with PD/PSP are known to develop urinary symptoms during illness. Clinical complaints and UDS findings do not necessarily match. UDS is required to manage urinary symptoms. Most of the patients respond to oral antimuscarinic medications along with behavioral and supportive therapy.


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    -  Krishnan U K
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