Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology

Year
: 2000  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 163--175

Electroconvulsive Therapy In Neuropsychiatry : Relevance Of Seizure Parameters


BN Gangadhar1, K Girish2, N Janakiramaiah3, ESM Saravanan4 
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Correspondence Address:
BN Gangadhar


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to induce therapeutic seizures in various clinical conditions. It is specifically useful in depression, catatonia, patients with high suicidal risk, and those intolerant to drugs. Its beneficial effects surpass its side effects. Memory impairment is benign and transient. Its mechanism of action is unknown, though numerous neurotransmitters and neuroreceptors have been implicated. The standards of ECT practice are well established but still evolving in some particularly in unilateral ECT. Assessment of threshold by formula method may deliver higher stimulus dose compared with titration method. Cerebral seizure during ECT procedure is necessary. Motor (cuff method) and EEG seizure monitoring are mandatory. Recent studies have shown some EEG parameters (amplitude, fractal dimension, symmetry, and post ictal suppression) to be associated with therapeutic outcome. Besides seizure monitoring, measuring other physiological parameters such as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) may be useful indicators of therapeutic response. Use of ECT in neurological conditions as well as its application in psychiatric illnesses associated with neurological disorders has also been reviewed briefly.


How to cite this article:
Gangadhar B, Girish K, Janakiramaiah N, Saravanan E. Electroconvulsive Therapy In Neuropsychiatry : Relevance Of Seizure Parameters.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2000;4:163-175


How to cite this URL:
Gangadhar B, Girish K, Janakiramaiah N, Saravanan E. Electroconvulsive Therapy In Neuropsychiatry : Relevance Of Seizure Parameters. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2000 [cited 2020 Jul 9 ];4:163-175
Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2000;volume=4;issue=3;spage=163;epage=175;aulast=Gangadhar;type=0