Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 473--476

Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy and its correlation with sleep disturbance in primary caregivers and other associated factors


Dheeraj Adiga1, Anupam Gupta2, Meeka Khanna2, Arun B Taly3, Kandavelu Thennarasu4 
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Neurological Rehabilitation; Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Anupam Gupta
Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore - 560 029, Karnataka
India

Aims: To observe prevalence of sleep disturbance (SD) in cerebral palsy (CP) children in a specific age-group and its correlation with SD in primary caregivers and other associated factors. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. SD assessed using Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) in CP children and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in caregivers. Fifty cases of clinically diagnosed CP [27 females, mean age: 107.9 ΁ 29.5 months (range: 78-180 months)] fulfilling criteria were included. Results: Eighteen (36%) children had pathological sleep total score (TS) and Disorders of Initiating and Maintaining Sleep (DIMS) was the commonest SD (n = 25, 50%). All primary caregivers were mothers. Twenty-five (50%) mothers had SD on PSQI scale. DIMS, Disorders of Excessive Somnolence (DES), and TS had significant correlation with PSQI (P < 0.05). Disorders of Arousal (DA) and TS had significant correlation with seizures (P < 0.05) in CP children. Bed-sharing had significant correlation with SD in caregivers (P < 0.001) but not with CP children. No significant correlation was observed between SD in CP and gross motor function (Gross Motor Function Classification System), use of orthoses, and dental caries. Interpretation: Children with CP have underreported significant SD, which negatively impacts caregiver«SQ»s sleep also. Seizure disorders and medications contribute significantly to SD.


How to cite this article:
Adiga D, Gupta A, Khanna M, Taly AB, Thennarasu K. Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy and its correlation with sleep disturbance in primary caregivers and other associated factors.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2014;17:473-476


How to cite this URL:
Adiga D, Gupta A, Khanna M, Taly AB, Thennarasu K. Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy and its correlation with sleep disturbance in primary caregivers and other associated factors. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Aug 14 ];17:473-476
Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2014;volume=17;issue=4;spage=473;epage=476;aulast=Adiga;type=0