Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 294--299

Epidemiological survey of neurological diseases in a tribal population cluster in Gujarat


Khushnuma A Mansukhani1, Maria A Barretto2, Sharmila A Donde3, Jagruti Wandrekar4, Advaita Nigudkar4, Ridhi Nair5 
1 Consultant Neurophysiologist, Bombay Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 CEO, Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Society, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Director-Community Development and Training, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4 Research Consultant, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5 Psychologist, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Khushnuma A Mansukhani
Department of EMG, Bombay Hospital, 2nd Floor, MRC Building, Marine Lines (West), Mumbai - 400 020, Maharashtra
India

Background: There are few community-based neuroepidemiological studies based in tribal communities. This cross-sectional community-based study explored the prevalence rates of neurological disorders in the tribal region of Kaparada in Gujarat. Methodology: A two-stage methodology was used. Door-to-door surveys were conducted in the villages of Moti Vahiyal, Arnai, and Chavshala in Kaparada taluka in the Valsad district. Trained volunteers administered a questionnaire that assessed demographic details and common neurological symptoms in children and adults. Data were obtained from 8217 individuals from 1464 households using the questionnaire in stage 1. A number of 615 individuals reported at least one symptom. In stage 2, a team of neurologists conducted a medical camp to assess those “screened in” for neurological disorders. Results: The crude prevalence rate for neurological disorders in general was found to be 2592.19/100,000. The prevalence rates for lower motor neuron diseases were highest (1010.1), and the rates of epilepsy, movement disorders, stroke, vertigo, headaches, upper motor neuron diseases, and mental and behavioral disorders were found to be 255.6, 133.9, 109.53, 170.38, 511.4, 109.53, and 292.08/100,000, respectively. Age- and sex-specific rates and patterns varied for different disorders. Conclusion: The prevalence rates of most disorders were found to be lower than those reported elsewhere, but age and sex prevalence patterns were similar to existing research. Challenges in conducting such a study in a remote population are discussed.


How to cite this article:
Mansukhani KA, Barretto MA, Donde SA, Wandrekar J, Nigudkar A, Nair R. Epidemiological survey of neurological diseases in a tribal population cluster in Gujarat.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018;21:294-299


How to cite this URL:
Mansukhani KA, Barretto MA, Donde SA, Wandrekar J, Nigudkar A, Nair R. Epidemiological survey of neurological diseases in a tribal population cluster in Gujarat. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jul 14 ];21:294-299
Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2018;volume=21;issue=4;spage=294;epage=299;aulast=Mansukhani;type=0