Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
: 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 334--335

Curing neurophobia: A feasible suggestion for low-resource settings

V Dinesh Kumar 
 Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. V Dinesh Kumar
Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry

How to cite this article:
Kumar V D. Curing neurophobia: A feasible suggestion for low-resource settings.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018;21:334-335

How to cite this URL:
Kumar V D. Curing neurophobia: A feasible suggestion for low-resource settings. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Dec 10 ];21:334-335
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We read the exhaustive review on preventing neurophobia by Shelley et al.[1] with great interest and would like to ovate the magnificent effort of the authors, for providing us a 360° enlightening about the issue. Being anatomists, we have felt that the foundation stone for neurosciences for Indian medical graduates is often not laid properly. From teacher's perspective, we would like to represent that the main shortcoming in imparting an effective neuroanatomy teaching is largely due to the shrinkage of the time earmarked for preclinical curriculum. Most Indian colleges, if not all, could allot only 15–20 days amidst the hectic schedule for exclusive neuroanatomy teaching. Squashing lot of contents, interlinking the functions at different levels, and not giving enough time to adjust and acquaint to the whole of newer terminologies often diminish the “perceived knowledge status” of the students below the critical limit. Case-based instructional methods and other pedagogical strategies to actively engage the learners often require its own time, which is seldom feasible in many low-resource settings, owing to a panoply of causes. Second, students often complain about the conversion of two-dimensional (2D) structures into 3D structures and vice versa. Unfortunately, the examination pattern in most universities demands the students to prove their perception in 2D and textbooks cater the same. This mismatch often perplexes the students, particularly those with low visual-spatial abilities to cope up.[2]

In spite of understanding the inception and existence of neurophobia, we are left with a question, “how to cure neurophobia in a low-resource and time-constrained settings?” First, it is mandatory to develop a concrete hour to hour objectified work plan for the neuroanatomy teaching, after taking into account the views of various stakeholders.[3] Second, a systematic review by McCarron et al.[4] offers nine solutions for curing neurophobia, the first being implementation of a team-based learning strategy with immediate feedback. In a study by Javaid et al.,[5] 81.4% of participants agreed that understanding of the clinical aspects of neuroanatomy was enhanced using web-based resources and computer-assisted learning.

Based on these suggestions and banking upon the advantages of asynchronous learning, we used mobile-based learning[6] for supplemental neuroanatomy teaching. Using WhatsApp social messenger (WhatsApp Inc.) as a platform, we had divided the students into groups, contents (including 3D tutorials, clinical vignettes, annotated images, and worksheets) were circulated, and active discussion was promulgated in the presence of a moderator. The success of the modality depends on the fact that the contents delivered should be able to recruit as many cognitive domains of learning as possible. We could sense that majority of the students (78%) felt that M-learning for neuroanatomy was more effective compared to E-learning platforms, as it had offered a ubiquitous and individualized learning.

We would like to conclude that, even in settings with stringent resources and time constraints, neurophobia can be cured to an extent, provided if we use the platforms which are well acquainted to the “digital native” population. Curing neurophobia is obviously a challenge; however, as a silver lining, this challenge opens up opportunities for devising newer methodologies in medical education.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


1Shelley BP, Chacko TV, Nair BR. Preventing “Neurophobia”: Remodeling neurology education for 21st-century medical students through effective pedagogical strategies for “Neurophilia”. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018;21:9-18.
2Guillot A, Champely S, Batier C, Thiriet P, Collet C. Relationship between spatial abilities, mental rotation and functional anatomy learning. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2007;12:491-507.
3Moxham B, McHanwell S, Plaisant O, Pais D. A core syllabus for the teaching of neuroanatomy to medical students. Clin Anat 2015;28:706-16.
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5Javaid MA, Chakraborty S, Cryan JF, Schellekens H, Toulouse A. Understanding neurophobia: Reasons behind impaired understanding and learning of neuroanatomy in cross-disciplinary healthcare students. Anat Sci Educ 2018;11:81-93.
6Kumar VD, Rajprasath R, Saheb SH. Is M-learning the ideal platform for the millennial generation learners? Int J Anat Res 2017;5:4114-20.