Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 247-250

Monitoring In Patients With Infections Of Central Nervous System

Correspondence Address:
G R Arunoday

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Mechanisms of brain injury in infections of central nervous system (CNS) are complex. While the primary injury may be due to meningeal and/or parenchymal invasion by the pathogen and release of toxins, a variety of secondary insults occur, which may influence the outcome as much as the primary insult. This concept is well recognized in brain trauma(1,2) where early recognition of secondary injuries and their appropriate treatment has been shown to improve outcome. Hypoxia, ischemia and metabolic disturbances are important secondary insults recognized in brain trauma, These are known to cause permanent neurological damage and worsening of outcome if undetected and untreated. In CNS infections, with their complex pathophysiologies, there is ample scope for such secondary insults. Monitoring in patients with CNS infections is to detect these secondary insults, allowing for a more informed approach to treatment.

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