Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-8

Fifty years of stroke researches in India

1 Head of Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Neurology, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Shyamal Kumar Das
Quarter No 74, Minto Park Government Housing Estate, 247/1 Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road, Kolkata - 700 027, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.168631

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Currently, the stroke incidence in India is much higher than Western industrialized countries. Large vessel intracranial atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of ischemic stroke in India. The common risk factors, that is, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and dyslipidemia are quite prevalent and inadequately controlled; mainly because of poor public awareness and inadequate infrastructure. Only a small number of ischemic stroke cases are able to have the benefit of thrombolytic therapy. Benefits from stem cell therapy in established stroke cases are under evaluation. Presently, prevention of stroke is the best option considering the Indian scenario through control and/or avoiding risk factors of stroke. Interventional studies are an important need for this scenario.

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