Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 294-299

Epidemiological survey of neurological diseases in a tribal population cluster in Gujarat

1 Consultant Neurophysiologist, Bombay Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 CEO, Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Society, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Director-Community Development and Training, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4 Research Consultant, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5 Psychologist, Neurology Foundation, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Khushnuma A Mansukhani
Department of EMG, Bombay Hospital, 2nd Floor, MRC Building, Marine Lines (West), Mumbai - 400 020, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_284_18

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Background: There are few community-based neuroepidemiological studies based in tribal communities. This cross-sectional community-based study explored the prevalence rates of neurological disorders in the tribal region of Kaparada in Gujarat. Methodology: A two-stage methodology was used. Door-to-door surveys were conducted in the villages of Moti Vahiyal, Arnai, and Chavshala in Kaparada taluka in the Valsad district. Trained volunteers administered a questionnaire that assessed demographic details and common neurological symptoms in children and adults. Data were obtained from 8217 individuals from 1464 households using the questionnaire in stage 1. A number of 615 individuals reported at least one symptom. In stage 2, a team of neurologists conducted a medical camp to assess those “screened in” for neurological disorders. Results: The crude prevalence rate for neurological disorders in general was found to be 2592.19/100,000. The prevalence rates for lower motor neuron diseases were highest (1010.1), and the rates of epilepsy, movement disorders, stroke, vertigo, headaches, upper motor neuron diseases, and mental and behavioral disorders were found to be 255.6, 133.9, 109.53, 170.38, 511.4, 109.53, and 292.08/100,000, respectively. Age- and sex-specific rates and patterns varied for different disorders. Conclusion: The prevalence rates of most disorders were found to be lower than those reported elsewhere, but age and sex prevalence patterns were similar to existing research. Challenges in conducting such a study in a remote population are discussed.

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