Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 39--44

Overview of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias: Nosologic evolution, diagnosis, and management


Diana Yi-Ting Wei1, Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong2, Peter James Goadsby1 
1 Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Kings College London; NIHR-Wellcome Trust King's Clinical Research Facility, Kings College Hospital, London, United Kingdom
2 Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Kings College London; NIHR-Wellcome Trust King's Clinical Research Facility, Kings College Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, National University Health System, University Medicine Cluster, Singapore

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Peter James Goadsby
King's College London, Wellcome Foundation Building, Denmark Hill Campus West, London SE5 9PJ
United Kingdom

The term trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) encompasses four primary headache disorders – cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania (PH), hemicrania continua (HC), short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT)/short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA). All of these except HC are characterized by short-lasting headaches. HC is characterized by a continuous unilateral headache that waxes and wanes in its intensity without complete resolution. It is included in the TACs group given the overlap in the activation of the posterior hypothalamic grey, and the shared clinical feature of unilateral head pain with ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms. The present review gives an overview of the nosologic evolution, diagnosis, and management of TACs.


How to cite this article:
Wei DY, Yuan Ong JJ, Goadsby PJ. Overview of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias: Nosologic evolution, diagnosis, and management.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018;21:39-44


How to cite this URL:
Wei DY, Yuan Ong JJ, Goadsby PJ. Overview of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias: Nosologic evolution, diagnosis, and management. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Jan 15 ];21:39-44
Available from: https://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2018;volume=21;issue=5;spage=39;epage=44;aulast=Wei;type=0